All changes in the Set of Rules are related with the ambition to make T-Class more realistic tactical and practical shooting sport.
The important changes in the Rules of Sport T-Class, valid for Season 2021 are:
– new minimum distances for paper targets in T-Class MultiGun and T-Class Support and Backup Weapons;
– regulation for night shooting has been introduced;
– new paper target T-Class A1 mini;
– added an appendix with principles that must be observed when organizing competitions in various disciplines;
– changes in the administration of competitions and others.
T-Class full Set of Rules for all disciplines download: T-Class Rules v.1.11_eng [English language version]
How did we get here?
Long range shooting with precision rifle systems has been an ever growing and popular sport with many different disciplines like Benchrest competitions, F-class competitions, Varmint rifle competitions, etc.
Most of these shooting sports are static and involve precise shooting with certain high-power rifles on targets, at various known distances.
Over the past 50 years, the sport Dynamic shooting emerged, also called Practical shooting. While it involves shooting with semi-auto pistols, semi-auto rifles and even shotguns, this sport utilizes the idea that speed is equally important as precision of the shooting, hence the use of the so called Hit Factor in Practical shooting is implemented. Also, many of the shooting stages are dynamic, meaning that the shooter has to move rapidly between the various scenes, has to be able to handle the weapons safely under stressful conditions.
“T-Class shooting sport” successfully merges the above. It uses precision rifle systems for shooting at various short and long distances (known and unknown), but it is a dynamic sport. The competitor has to be able to move between the scenes of a shooting stage, to use successfully his theoretical background about making a precise long range shot along with the physical demanding challenges to reach and quickly assume stable or unstable shooting positions, under the limitations of time.
The main idea behind this sport is to recreate realistic shooting scenarios, which resemble the practical sniping used in combat situations by police and military forces around the world.
The issues of safety weapon manipulations are of major importance in T-Class competitions.
There are six major Divisions in T-Class competitions.
# T-Class Tactical Sniper division. It uses precision rifle systems (sniper rifles) for shooting in artificially created but realistic stages with shooting distances from 10 meters to 1200 meters.
# T-Class Multigun division. Sniper rifles, semi-auto assault rifles and semi-auto pistols are used in different or in the same scenes of the shooting stage.
# T-Class Ultra Long Range division. Sniper rifle shooting at very long distances of 1600 meters or more.
# T-Class Tactical Long Range division. Sniper rifle shooting at distances from 1000 meters to 1600 meters.
# T-Class Rimfire division. Target rifle shooting with .22LR caliber rifles.
# T-Class Support and Backup Weapons. Assisting discipline for shooting (combined or separately) only with semi-auto assault rifles and semi-auto pistols, designed to improve those specific skills necessary for combined shooting with different weapon systems.
Each T-Class competition is divided into three Modules of shooting stages, which will eventually test and evaluate the basic or advanced marksmanship qualities of the competitor – precision, speed, physical and mental resilience.
T-Class competitions can be held as individual or teamwork challenges. Teamwork T-Class competitions involve two-men teams in which the results and rankings of both competitors are scored together as a team.
T-Class competitions are usually very challenging and hard two-day or three-day events, involving both daytime and nighttime stages, with shooting at a diversity of static or moving targets with most complex shooting scenarios.
Many shooting clubs and organizations around the world promote and develop the ideas of long range shooting combined with dynamic shooting.
In USA, the Precision Rifle Series is the most popular shooting event in this relation.
In Europe, there is the annual Sniper World Cup held in Hungary and many other local or international shooting competitions in Italy, Czech Republic, Slovenia, Austria, etc.
Many of these shooting events are restricted only for military and police forces, while others are open events.
The differences between T-Class shooting sport and the others mentioned above relate onto several features – the MultiGun competitions, Teamwork competitions and the Scoring system.
Each target in every exercise should be measured in milliradians (MRAD), in regard to it’s size and distance. This MRAD system allows the use of virtually all kinds of targets, like golf balls, coke cans, clay targets, metal plates, paper targets and so on. Scoring is made with points, which are attributed to the angular measurements of the target, according to pre-defined tables. For some shooting stages of Module 2 and 3, the so called Hit Factor is applied (the number of hits per target divided by the time, needed by the competitor to complete the course of fire).
The scoring is calculated by adding the results from all module’s stages. There is an automated online Scoring system, which allows the real-time evaluation and publication of the results and scorings. The live results can be accessed online by every competitor or guest at any time during the competition.
The International T-Class Confederation (ITCC) was founded in 2014 for the purpose of promotion of the T-Class shooting sport internationally, with headquarters residing in Bulgaria.
It offers the Set of Rules which regulate the design and management of T-Class Competitions.
Currently, there are ten ITCC licensed regions:
* Baltic States (Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia)
* Russian Federation
* Western Balkans
Other regions have expressed their interest in T-Class, but have not become members of ITCC yet.
ITCC remains open for any other membership candidates willing to take part in our journey!
The International T-Class Kahles Cup took place on 19-20th September 2020 at the military shooting range in Slivnitsa, Bulgaria. This was a two-day shooting competition with 20 stages in accordance with the T-Class rules. 30 competitors took part in this event. There were various static and dynamic exercises with shooting distances from 50m to 1200m, from stable and unstable positions – realistic shooting from buildings, towers, trenches, barricades, helicopter platforms at various paper, metal, electronic, reactive and smart target systems during the daylight, also, in full darkness at night.
Scenes, detailed results and the final ranking is available on the online system – http://scoring.t-class.org/
The T-Class shooting sport was founded in 2014 in Europe, and uses the most innovative scoring system to fairly assess all the shooting skills of the competitors. The competition took place under the sponsorship of Kahles G.m.b.H. Each competitor personally received Kahles souvenirs as well as lottery prizes for the lucky ones.
The International T-Class Kahles Cup was another successive T-Class shooting competition which held up to it’s motto: ONE COMPETITION – ALL THE SKILLS!
This is a first-hand story from one of the many followers of the T-Class idea. My name is Peter Markov and I am a doctor of Medicine.
I have been asked to relay a few words about my experiences and memories from the last 5 years, since I had the opportunity and the pleasure to take part in the concept of T-Class. In the beginning, I would like to point out that I am not the most experienced competitor and I am not the best shooter. Everything that follows is presented through my personal point of view with nothing to disclose.
I have always believed that in the area of my profession there is a need for a safety valve and a way to “release the steam”. As long as alcohol is not the right choice for me, throughout a certain period of my life I decided to focus on shooting and particularly on long range precision rifle shooting. I believed that it would correspond well with my psychokinetics. Naturally, in the beginning I did not know anybody in this field, the only shooting range which I had access to was in Lozen – with distances up to 100 meters. I was already a hunter at that time and I owned a semi-auto hunting rifle. I decided that my shooting score at 100 meters would increase if I tried to shoot with a bolt-action rifle and a riflescope.
That’s how the saga began. Without many consultations, I purchased a bolt action Steyr SSG 04, .308 cal. I read on the Internet many great reviews about Steyr rifles and that is how I made my choice. Afterwards, I picked a riflescope made by Vortex, which at that time had just released their premium model Razor Gen II. A whole year passed between the order of my scope and it’s arrival to Bulgaria, until I was finally able to produce my first shot with the new Steyr rifle. But, this particular year was useful because I did spend a great amount of time in viewing and reading of books, forums and websites, watching videos, etc. That was the moment when I first stumbled upon TheGunman-bg.com Forum and I first read something about T-Class. I already knew about F-Class and without many considerations I decided that T-Class is something more “Tactical” and realistic, hence more applicable to my vision. Nevertheless, the more I searched for info about T-Class worldwide, the more I realized that it is our own Bulgarian invention. I learned from our Forum that there is a group of shooters who practice at long range distances and have access to the military shooting range of Slivnitsa. I decided to contact them. With the help of a dear friend and a colleague of mine (who is also a practical shooting competitor) I was acquainted to Ivan Barzilov. This was the pivotal moment for me. I already had theoretical background, but I also had zero experience on the range and in a brief period of time everything changed. My first visit to Slivnitsa was with my new Steyr rifle equipped with Vortex Razen Gen II 4.5-27×56 riflescope, Harris bipod and factory ammo Geco Target (a relatively cheap option). I was not able to hit anything beyond 500 meters with this ammo, so I switched to Geco Express. On my next visit to Slivnitsa, quite unexpectedly for me, I ran into my first one-day T-Class competition with two-men teamwork in three Modules, according to the T-Class Set of Rules. This was in April 2016, during my second visit to Slivnitsa and my second shooting at a distance beyond 100 meters in my life. Me and my teammate managed to win this event. For the first time ever I successfully hit the plate at 700 meters during this competition. That’s how I realized that T-Class was the right choice for me.
Afterwards, things went along their natural way. Reading and listening to the advice of my new friends, I realized that in order to reach any success with my caliber at long range, I had to learn how to reload. Even the most expensive factory ammo would not give me the precision and consistency which the well-made reloads could. So, a new chapter of theory was opened – a ton of reading, listening and watching of info about Reloading. It took about a year and a half. With the invaluable help from Barzilov, the right reloading recipe was chosen and at the first competition in which I participated with reloaded ammo by myself, I was able to win the Cup. I successfully hit the plate at 900 meters – 4 times out of 5. This was a competition, organized by 68th Brigade “Special Forces” at the military range of Tsrancha in 2017. To make a long story short: reloading is important. Nowadays, there is more accurate and quality factory ammo, but it is more expensive and it does not provide the opportunity to play with the barrel harmonics (unless a tuner is used).
T-Class shooting sport evolved during the years. There was the Multigun discipline and the new SBW (Support and Backup Weapons) discipline emerged. I had to get my hands on a semi-auto assault rifle and a semi-auto pistol. This type of “runnin and gunnin” kind of shooting were never really my favorite, but I had to keep up with the others. From my current perspective, I realize that the concept behind SBW is right and opens up the possibilities for development of complex shooting skills. It really is a necessity from a practical point of view.
I did take part in some international competitions – in Hungary 2017 and Austria 2019. There, I realized that we are not that bad shooters in comparison to the rest of Europe. I confirmed my observations that it is not necessary for the best and the most expensive rifle and scope to win the shooting event.
My first custom-built rifle appeared in the beginning of 2020, at last. During these four years I competed with my trustworthy Steyr and Vortex. I switched several bipods, many rear shooting bags, tripods, shooting mats, weather stations and a whole bunch of accessories until I found what worked best for me.
When you shoot at long range, it is imperative to be able to measure the exact distance to target. I learned the hard way that most of the contemporary handheld rangefinders are not able to measure reliably the 1000 meters distance to a 20 cm plate. So, I had to purchase an expensive rangefinder (Vectronix Terrapin) and up till now – when we go to a competition – the other shooters are comparing their measurements with me. If you are uncertain about the distance that you measured, you are adding another variable to an equation with too many variables already.
I don’t have much spare time for practice and unfortunately I don’t attend many training events. It is safe to say, that I shoot mostly from competition to competition. But I attend those for fun and as I said in the beginning – to submerge in an area totally different from my surroundings. Not for a moment did I have regrets about anything – even for my unsuccessful attempts with wrong purchases and wasted money (which is a lot).
There are many more things to describe, many flashes, many successes and many failures. I do not want to bring up the load further to this already tiresome text.
Briefly, I would like to propose the following humble advice to those who are willing to read it:
1. T-Class is not about the rifle or the riflescope. The most important part in the equation is the Shooter himself! A cheap factory rifle can bring you a medal, while the super expensive and precise custom rifle may bring you nothing.
2. Both theory and practice matter! Reading and exercising on the sofa will not make you a good shooter, but even if you shoot daily – there is no progress, unless you become familiar with the right Fundamentals, ballistic theory, concepts of reloading, etc. There is more than enough amount of quality information widely available, which is necessary for the T-Class shooter. While other shooting sports like Practical Shooting require development of mechanical shooting skills, habits, speed and muscle memory, T-Class requires theoretical background. There is no one who will assimilate this info and bring it cooked up for you.
3. You can always rely on the help and the advice of others! Our community is composed of kindhearted and positive fellow-shooters. Most of the time on the range is spent in jokes and amusing mood. The hatred and envy, so typical in almost every other sports and aspects of life, are still absent in T-Class.
4. T-Class is not a cheap sport! Resources are required and the rule: “Buy once, cry once” is fully applicable. The better research you make before you buy something, the less likely you will regret it afterwards. There will be unsuccessful purchases…
5. T-Class requires a fair amount of free time! In order to be prosperous, you need time for training and practice, time for reading, time for reloading. I have spent a great deal of money on expensive reloading equipment not to make my results better, but to make my reloading quicker.
6. It is not necessary to seek for the one best shot, the tightest group, etc. It is essential to seek consistency in shooting – to achieve good results in various conditions – to shoot equally well during practice and competition. What if I have a confirmed first shot hit at 1436 meters with .308, does it mean that I will reliably reproduce that shooting? T-Class competitions will test all shooting skills, will pose various physical and psychological obstacles and the ability to remain consistent will be crucial. Pick one bullet/cartridge and go shooting, learn it at various distances and weather conditions. There is no time for endless experiments. T-Class is not benchrest and not F-Class, etc.
7. There is no universal recipe for T-Class, no black and white, just like in life itself. What works for one shooter may not be the most comfortable option for the other. Each one must walk along his path, to refine himself, to learn from his mistakes and the mistakes of others.
8. T-Class requires patience! Nothing will happen at once. You have to be patient to wait for your shipment from USA, patient for the Customs clearance, patient for reloading, patient for the smooth trigger pull, patient to deal with your misses.
9. T-Class is not a step, it is a journey! It is a process of continuous and endless sophistication of knowledge, skills, technical basis, material assets, etc. But it will also bring you new friends, nice moments, positive emotions.
10. For me personally – T-Class is a thrill!
Dear Fellow Shooters,
Due to the ongoing worldwide COVID-19 crisis, ITCC regretfully informs you that all planned events of the 2020 Calendar are STOPPED for the time being.
ITCC will provide immediate updates on this issue after the situation changes.
Precision rifle shooting is not a unique phenomenon. A long time in different countries and on different continents civilian shooters clubs, sports organizations, hold various competitions close in form and content to the military and / or police sniping. The diversity of opinions and ideas about this leads to the fact that in countries, sometimes even in different regions of one country, the idea of sniping as a sports discipline has its own “unique”, as well as the rules of the competition.
I’m optimistic that a consensus has emerged in Europe on this issue. The name of this consensus is the sport of T-Class with disciplines where not only accurate bolt-action rifles but also semi-automatic and pistols are used. You can imagine a variety of interesting, complicated scenarios stages and exercises in such combinations in the discipline of Tactical Sniper [TS].
For the first time in years, I want to look back and ask those involved in the T-Class, do you remember how it all started in 2014 and continued in a next years?
It’s been a little over three years since I met Ivan Barzilov and the Bulgarian team at the 15th Police and Military Sniper Wolrd cup in Hungary. Participating in competitions together with military and police officers we discussed options of civil, sports sniping. It was not easy to find the right formula for assessing the skill of the shooter in such a complex, dynamic and diverse shooting.
Of course, the ideas are in the air, but the practical implementation of the idea of tactical sniping issued Bulgarian colleagues. Every T-Class competition held in the [TS] discipline confirmed the correctness of the chosen method of scoring. It is perfectly justified to divide multi-faceted shooting at short, medium and long distances into modules and determine the best result in each of them, which is the basis for determining the winner.
To win such competitions, you must be equally good at all aspects of sniper shooting. Applied in the T-Class parameter “hit-factor” stimulates a shooters not just accurately hit the target, but to do it as quickly as possible. All together, this makes it possible to infinitely improve their skills in the pursuit of maximum results.
The most dynamically developing discipline is the Tactical Sniper. Interesting and complex annual international competitions in Bulgaria at the Slivnitsa shooting range gather shooters from different countries of Europe and the United States. Great interest was aroused by the first multigun match “International T-Class Multigun Cup 2019”.
Given the ambiguous attitude to our passion and sport in many countries, we have yet to assess the huge amount of work done by our Bulgarian colleagues in the interests of the entire shooting community, regardless of the countries that we represent.
It’s probably not an exaggeration to say T-Class is a sport that may be of interest to those for whom it’s a profession. Fans of sniping in various formats, I can say that this is worth a try.
I hope that next year will be successful for the development of this interesting, young sport and will be another step on the way to the T-Class European Championship and the World Cup.
I wish all of us interesting meetings, exciting matches and success in 2020.
Regional Director of the Russian Federation
International T-Class Multigun Cup 2019 – You can’t describe it, you have to live it!
A three-day international competition of the T-Class Multigun discipline was held on September 27-29th 2019. It was a team event, which means that the shooters were divided into two-men teams and simultaneously or sequentially they had to complete the scenarios of the exercises. T-Class Multigun discipline demands shooting with sniper rifles, semi auto assault rifles and pistols, which poses the greatest level of challenge for the competitors. To make it even more complicated, this event included daytime and nighttime stages, with only few hours apart for taking a rest. All of the above contributed to the fact that probably this T-Class competition proved to be the hardest and most exhausting one ever held in Bulgaria till now.
The start of the competition was struck on the afternoon of September 27th 2019 with the stages from Module 1. This was the first ever nighttime shooting for exercises of Module 1. The true action script was manifested in the next two days and in the evening between them. This was the time for Module 2 and 3 stages, which were incredibly diverse and truly integrated all of the advantages and available requisites of the Slivnitsa military range. Most of the exercises of Module 3 were with hit-factor which greatly elevated the level of tension among the shooters. This competition used the greatest number of stages with smart target systems so far. There were designs with moving targets, daytime and nighttime contra sniper stages, simulation of real shooting scenarios, shooting from trenches, windows, bunkers, barricades, helicopter platform and so on. A total of 21 exercises with 6 night guard stages were completed. All of this was associated with the use of three different kinds of weapons and with irregular distribution of tasks and targets between the members of the team.
Teams from the regions of Bulgaria, USA and the Russian Federation competed in this event and there were observers from Malta and Latvia. All of the participants explicitly conveyed their approval of the competition for stage designs, complexity and difficulty as well as of the proper organization. The realization of this event would not have been possible without the support from members of the Bulgarian Armed Forces of all levels. The interest for this competition was so high that even the Bulgarian Minister of Defense Mr. Karakachanov became one of the official guests. This was a formidable experience for all the organizers, competitors and observers and their reactions can be followed through different online forums: here, here.
Those who have lived through the International T-Class Multigun Cup 2019 for sure will retain their bright memories.
The winners of this competition de facto were all of the participants who completed the course and the rankings can be found here.
The level has been set up high enough and for the next events of BTCF will remain the goal to become at least as interesting as this one.
Photos and videos can be found at the ITCC Facebook page and the Gallery section of the ITCC website.